ATENÇÃO: NÃO É PARA DISCUTIR E SIM PARA TRADUZIR. MENCIONE O PEDAÇO (OU OS PEDAÇOS) QUE VOCÊ TRADUZIU E PUBLIQUE A TRADUÇÃO NO CAMPO DE COMENTÁRIOS.
FP — I would like you to explain now what you think of the state of the social networks theory and how it fits within this greater framework
FC — I must tell that my knowledge there is very limited. I am still looking for theories and theoretical frameworks that I can use to elaborate these ideas on networks, and I have not found much. Castells is one of the big exceptions. Then there is a sociologist in England, at Lancaster University, John Urry, who has written a book called "Global Complexity." He analyzes networks, and he also has a critique of Castells that is very interesting. There are also some French sociologists who have developed a theory they call "actor-network theory," which I find very confusing and full of misperceptions. So, all in all, I have not found much in terms of effective network theories.
FP — It seems easier to find a methodology of how to map a network than any serious theory to understand what's at stake. Luhmann seems to be much closer to giving a theoretical approach. One last thing: how do you connect all this with your social agenda today?
FC — This is very simple, although it emerged for me through many years. The core of my social agenda is sustainability. I work as an environmental activist and educator, and my key aim is to help build a sustainable society. When you do that, you first have to really understand the concept of sustainability. I define an ecologically sustainable society as a society that is designed in such a way that its ways of life, businesses, economy, physical structures, technologies and social institutions do not interfere with nature's inherent ability to sustain life. The outstanding characteristic of the biosphere is that it has sustained life for over three billion years. And we are now seriously interfering with these processes that nature has evolved to sustain life.
What we need to do is first to become ecologically literate, to understand the principles of organization that ecosystems have evolved to sustain life, and then we have to redesign our technologies and social institutions accordingly. When you try to understand how ecosystems organize themselves, this leads you very soon to understanding how all living systems organize themselves. So, the exploration of sustainability becomes inextricably linked to the question of the nature of life, the nature of living systems.