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Redes na Política

Nodo para estudar a emergência de novas abordagens na política a partir das redes sociais.

Membros: 90
Última atividade: 16 Fev, 2015

Este grupo está ainda em fase embrionária. Por hora estamos levantando algumas questões que possam ser pertinentes dentro do foco "abordagens emergentes na política a partir das redes sociais", para em seguida estruturar em algumas perguntas de orientação a uma discussão/reflexão mais aprofundada. Sugestões, dúvidas, opiniões, provocações e links são muito bem-vindos.

Fórum de discussão

Castells -Ação em rede social não basta para mobilizar as pessoas! 1 resposta 

Iniciado por Paulo Ganns @pganns. Última resposta de Augusto de Franco 3 Jun, 2013.

O Político e a rede! 2 respostas 

Iniciado por Paulo Ganns @pganns. Última resposta de Augusto de Franco 6 Maio, 2013.

The emerging political force of the network of networks

Iniciado por Augusto de Franco 24 Jun, 2012.

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Comentário de Paulo Ganns @pganns em 18 agosto 2011 às 8:14

Relacionado ao artigo sobre os preços de alimentos e sua possível relação causal com as revoltas, lembrei-me da pirâmide de Maslow.

 

maslow.jpg

 

Por coincidência, hoje li um artigo que propõe um versionamento da teoria de Maslow para 2.0.

 

A nova configuração hierárquica (desculpem-me pelo linguajar obsceno), seria a da pirâmide (desculpas, de novo) abaixo:

 

300 Debra Bolgla. Ed Diener33644_web.jpg

 

 

Lá tem uma daquelas frases gostosas, que quando a gente lê, diz muito mais do que todo o arcabouço de "ciências" que embasam nossas realidades.

 

"Even when we are hungry, for instance, we can be happy with our friends. "They're like vitamins," Diener says on how the needs work independently. "We need them all."

 

Para quem quiser ler e pensar sobre, segue o link.

 

[]s

 

PGC

 

O homem é um ser de artifícios e portanto, naturalmente artificial.

Comentário de Paulo Ganns @pganns em 15 agosto 2011 às 13:39

 

E como sempre, o sangue negro:

 

 

Grafo retirado de um comentário no post:

(The Cause Of Riots And The Price of Food)

Comentário de Paulo Ganns @pganns em 15 agosto 2011 às 13:29

O estômago! (tudo misturado!) 

===============================

The Cause Of Riots And The Price of Food

If we don't reverse the current trend in food prices, we've got until August 2013 before social unrest sweeps the planet, say complexity theorists

 

What causes riots? That's not a question you would expect to have a simple answer.

But today, Marco Lagi and buddies at the New England Complex Systems Institute in Cambridge, say they've found a single factor that seems to trigger riots around the world.

This single factor is the price of food. Lagi and co say that when it rises above a certain threshold, social unrest sweeps the planet.

The evidence comes from two sources. The first is data gathered by the United Nations that plots the price of food against time, the so-called food price index of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN. The second is the date of riots around the world, whatever their cause. Both these sources are plotted on the same graph above.

This clearly seems to show that when the food price index rises above a certain threshold, the result is trouble around the world.

This isn't rocket science. It stands to reason that people become desperate when food is unobtainable. It's often said that any society is three square meals from anarchy.

But what's interesting about this analysis is that Lagi and co say that high food prices don't necessarily trigger riots themselves, they simply create the conditions in which social unrest can flourish. "These observations are consistent with a hypothesis that high global food prices are a precipitating condition for social unrest," say Lagi and co.

In other words, high food prices lead to a kind of tipping point when almost anything can trigger a riot, like a lighted match in a dry forest.

On 13 December last year, the group wrote to the US government pointing out that global food prices were about to cross the threshold they had identified. Four days later, Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in Tunisia in protest at government policies, an event that triggered a wave of social unrest that continues to spread throughout the middle east today.

That leads to an obvious thought. If high food prices condition the world for social unrest, then reducing the prices should stabilise the planet.

But what can be done to reverse the increases. Lagi and co say that two main factors have driven the increase in the food price index. The first is traders speculating on the price of food, a problem that has been exacerbated in recent years by the deregulation of the commodities markets and the removal of trading limits for buyers and sellers.

The second is the conversion of corn into ethanol, a practice directly encouraged by subsidies.

Those are both factors that the western world and the US in particular could change.

Today, the food price index remains above the threshold but the long term trend is still below. But it is rising. Lagi and co say that if the trend continues, the index is likely to cross the threshold in August 2013.

If their model has the predictive power they suggest, when that happens, the world will become a tinderbox waiting for a match.

 

=================

Transcrito de:

 

http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/27083/

 

Baseado em PDF:

 

http://necsi.edu/research/social/food_crises.pdf

 

 

Comentário de Jaime Tak em 1 junho 2011 às 9:15
Muitas conexões e articulações vão rolar pelas redes, revoluções no islamismo, democracia real na europa, churrascão prá gente diferenciada e muito mais rolar ainda, onde a humanidade vai parar com tudo isso é que não sei... 
Comentário de João Paulo Brandão Barboza em 1 junho 2011 às 6:41
Veja mais pelo link:

http://catarse.me/pt/projects/167-onibus-hacker

A idéia é comprar um ônibus de viagem de aproximadamente 48 lugares, usado, porém em bom estado. Contamos com um mecânico de confiança que vai fazer a avaliação técnica.
Ex: http://produto.mercadolivre.com.br/MLB-184791127-nibus-mbb-o-371-rs...
Esse ônibus será modificado, e incluirá webcam, conexão 3G e GPS, o que permitirá aproveitar o trajeto das viagens para concretizar os diversos projetos articulados na comunidade Transparência Hacker, além de viabilizar o acompanhamento e participação à distância de quem não estiver no ônibus. O percuso deixará de ser um tempo inútil e cansativo para se tornar um momento propício para ter ideias e por a “mão na massa”.
Temos uma série de projetos engatilhados que vão fazer pleno uso do ônibus:
Comentário de Paulo Ganns @pganns em 7 fevereiro 2011 às 12:16

Egypt, Twitter, and the Collapse of Top Heavy Societies

Ramez Naam's picture

Watching the news about Egypt and the debate as to whether Twitter, Facebook, etc.. are inherently pro-democracy, I'm struck by a connection to Joseph Tainter's 1988 classic, The Collapse of Complex Societies.

The Fall of Rome

Tainter speculates that societies ultimately face two problems.   One, the marginal return on their investments drops over time.  Each new unit of energy or currency or labor they expend nets them less and less benefit than the last.  Two, societies continually create additional internal complexity to solve problems they've run into.  Those additional layers of complexity consume resources without giving back.  Ultimately with growth slowing and the cost of complexity rising, societies collapse under the weight of the new social structures they've created.  For a while, the added complexity allows societies to accomplish more, but eventually the diminishing returns cause the complexity to become a negative to the society, and then it collapses.

Graph of Benefits of Complexity

Tainter's theory is relevant to understanding the future of every society on Earth.  It's been used to predict that collapse of US society and the collapse of industrialized society at large.

I think Tainter's point is interesting, but that he likely confuses the term "complexity" with parasitism.    His two primary examples, the collapse of the ancient Maya civilization and the Fall of the Western Roman Empire, are both cases where the ruling classes (the upper "layers" of society, if you will) used political and military power to control the lower classes and (in the case of Rome) to conquer neighbors and extract plunder and tax revenues from them.

The weight that eventually caused the collapse of both the Maya and the Roman Empire wasn't just any sort of complexity, it was an upper layer of society that was largely parasitic, consuming more and more of the resources of society without producing much value.

I'm struck by this in the case of Egypt.   The protests in Egypt are fueled by the frustration of lack of opportunity and the anger of lack of ability to change the system or even speak out against it.   The lack of opportunity has two causes:

 

(Clique aqui para continuar a leitura)

 

[ ]s

PGC

Comentário de Jaime Tak em 4 fevereiro 2011 às 14:20
O que me atrapalha mesmo é que facebook, twitter, orkut, ning, etc são consideradas redes sociais. Acho que existe rede social dos frequentadores do boteco da esquina, rede social dos comedores de pão de queijo e rede social dos malucos de plantão mas essas tecnologias e programas de internet que, embora possam ser cada vez mais eficientes na comunicação e na mobilização, são apenas meios. Se dependêssemos dos meios não teria revolução cristã, nem francesa e nem russa. Como se utiliza a tecnologia é que pode ser centralizada, descentralizada ou distribuída. No Egito eu acho que a insatisfação foi bem distribuída e agora pode se concentrar e enxamear para derrubar o ditador. Me surpreendeu a rapidez com que tudo aconteceu porque eu achava que no Egito só tinha múmias paralíticas-desconectadas vivendo no maior atraso tecnológico, sem celular e sem internet.    
Comentário de Augusto de Franco em 4 fevereiro 2011 às 6:27
@pganns Nove perguntas e respostas sobre Egito e Redes Sociais http://trick.ly/5ft
Comentário de Paulo Ganns @pganns em 3 fevereiro 2011 às 17:28

 

Uma das respostas: um indicador de "bem-estar"!

Créditos e artigo completo em: Gallup

Egyptians', Tunisians' Wellbeing Plummets Despite GDP Gains

Traditional economic indicators paint an incomplete picture of life in these countries

by Jon Clifton and Lymari Morales

WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Wellbeing in Egypt and Tunisia decreased significantly over the past few years, even as GDP increased. In Egypt, where demonstrations have prompted President Hosni Mubarak to give up power after elections this fall, the percentage of people "thriving" fell by 18 percentage points since 2005. In Tunisia, where mass protests toppled the country's government last month, the percentage of people Gallup classifies as thriving fell 10 points since 2008.

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Gallup classifies respondents worldwide as "thriving," "suffering," or "struggling" based on how they rate their current and future lives on the Cantril Self-Anchoring Striving ladder scale, with steps numbered from 0 to 10. The declining percentage of those in Egypt and Tunisia who rate their lives well enough to be considered thriving reveals that these populations, as a whole, have become increasingly negative about their lives over the past few years.

In Egypt, all income groups have seen wellbeing decline significantly since 2005, with only the richest 20% of the population trending positively since 2009. In Tunisia, wellbeing for all groups has declined since 2008 at similar rates.

As a result of these declines, wellbeing in these countries now ranks among the worst in the Middle East and North Africa region, on par with Libya, Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Yemen, and Morocco. When more people were thriving in Egypt and Tunisia in past years, their wellbeing ranked toward the higher end for the region. Thus, it is important to consider the current state of wellbeing in each country as well as the trend and trajectory.

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The data underscore how traditional economic metrics can paint an incomplete picture of life in a given country. Over the same period that wellbeing decreased in Egypt and Tunisia, GDP increased. This is particularly noteworthy because previous Gallup research, by Angus DeatonBetsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfers, and Gallup researchers, has found wellbeing to be highly correlated with GDP per capita.

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Gallup's global wellbeing metrics make clear that leaders cannot assume

Comentário de Augusto de Franco em 3 fevereiro 2011 às 15:25
Muito bem, Paulo. As midias sociais aceleraram. O fenômeno foi social, não digital ou tecnológico. A insatisfação das pessoas árabes mediterrâneas com as ditaduras foi ensejada pelo broadcasting Al Jazeera, gestada ao longo do tempo por P2P presencial (conversas no ônibus, na fila do ônibus, nas escolas, nas famílias, na vizinhança etc.), acelerada em muito pelo celular e... pelas mídias sociais! Vou dar minha opinião sobre os pontos que você levanta, mais tarde (cheguei agora no alto da serra).
 

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